Surface And Finishing Information

Surface And Finishing Information

Type of finishing includes different processes that can change the natural stone surface in order to achieve or enhance some of the tile qualities. The group includes perhaps the most well-known textures, which are often preferred by the customers. There are three main types: 

  • Polished finish – if you want a refined glossy surface of your natural stone tiles, then this finish is exactly what you need. The shine comes from using abrasive materials, such as polishing bricks or powders during fabrication. It highlights the natural colours and grains of the stone and makes the surface reflective. This type of finish is suitable for almost all kind of stones and in our shop you can find a variety of polished limestone. 
  • Honed finish – it is a finish that makes the surface of natural stone smooth and matted, without or with limited reflection of light. The same method and abrasive materials are used to achieve this finish as in polished finish, but polishing stops at an earlier stage and the stone is not buffed. The surface has a lighter shade but the overall colour and depth of the stone are preserved. this type of finish can be applied to different stones and is preferred for locations with heavy traffic, such as floors, stairs, thresholds. We offer a great variety of honed stone both for interior and exterior purposes. 
  • Satin finish – it's a surface finish that is somewhat in the middle between the previous two options. It brings some shine and gloss to the natural stone surface, but it is neither as reflective as the polished finish, nor as matte as the honed finish. It is still new and not so common finish but has great potential. You can find it under the name Satinato as well. 

 Impact finishing

This is the largest group offering a great variety of textures, most of which are quite popular. As its name suggests, the finish is formed by applying external force to the surface of the stone. The result is uneven, rough texture, which makes the tiles not slippery but also needs to be cleaned quite often as it catches dirt easier. There are several sub-groups in this category, depending on the tool and/or method used to achieve the desired effect. 

  • Brushed finished – the roughness of the surface is formed by means of metal brushes that take away the softest particles of the stone. Certain force should be applied to achieve the desired result. The stone tile is not slippery and looks a bit worn-out. This finish resembles the more popular antique and leather finishes and can be found under the name bush finish as well. 
  • Bush-Hammered Finish – the stone surface is mechanically treated by a multiple pointed tool and the hammering action develops a non-slip textured look. The surface is generally smooth and a little lighter in colour. As the tool used for this finish has a relatively small head, it takes quite long to achieve the final result, which can be done faster and cheaper by using flame or water to get a similar look. The bush-hammered finish can be applied to most stones and in our store we offer this texture for Pepperino dark and Sunrise granite tiles.
  • Flamed finish – this is a rough textured surface that is achieved by heat and that is why it is also called thermal finish. A blowtorch is used to heat the stone at very high temperature, which makes the crystals in it to pop. The stone is then rapidly cooled. The process affects the colour and some gold or yellow stones will become of a more reddish colour as a result of the flamed finish. The tiles with such finish are rough, non-slippery but quite porous and are suitable mainly for floors, both as interior and exterior material. Granite and sandstone typically have this type of finish and you can find them at our shop too. 
  • Water finish – a high pressure jet of water is applied to the stone surface in order to wash out the softer particles. The resulting surface resembles the flamed finished one in roughness but the method does not affect the colour of the stone, unlike the heating process. Therefore, most people prefer water to flamed finish. There is also the variety called water jet finish, which resembles the honed one but the surface is less slippery.
  • River Wash Finish – this is a new type of surface that, unlike flamed or honed finishes, allows the stone to keep its colour and thickness. It makes the tiles non-slippery, while maintaining the natural qualities of the stone. 
  • Tumbled finish – using sand, pebbles and water to tumble the surface of the stone in order to create an aged appearance. It is a finish that can be applied to variety of stones to give them the impression that they have been walked on for centuries. We offer tumbled finish for our Carrara marble tiles and for several types of travertine.
  • Sandblasted finish – it is a textured surface with matte gloss that is achieved by blasting the stone surface with pressurized sand water. The tile looks slightly scratched but feels nice when touched. The colours are a bit dull. This type of finish is usually applied to sandstone and is one of the finishes you can choose for our exterior London Pavement sandstone tiles. This finish can also be found under the name gritblasted finish. 
  • Shotblasted finish – it is similar to the above finish and is also mainly used for sandstone tiles. The shot-blasting process applied gives the stone natural aging properties as of erosion or weathering, softens the colour and leaves a matted finish 
  • Leather finish – this is a process very similar to the antique finishing, which is used mainly for granite and marble. The idea is the surface to look less glossy and to be easily cleaned and maintained. Very suitable for counter tops. You can get our Black extra granite tiles with a leather finish.